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Address by Jiang Mingjun, Director-General of IESCO

Dear Readers,
       I would like to introduce a brand new concept called ecological safety. What is ecology? It is the “state of living”. 
       What is ecological safety? It is the dynamic process wherein the environment (air, soil, forest, ocean, water, etc.) on which the life system of the earth depends for survival is not destroyed or  threatened.
       As early as in 1992, when I was doing research on non-traditional safety at the International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences in St. Petersburg, I made a breakthrough in traditional ecological theories. I discovered that one could summarize the theory centered on ecological safety including the factors affecting the well-being of the people and the development of countries as a new original discipline, a new professional system and a new management system, or using my new terminology, ecological safety discipline, ecological safety system and ecological management system. Based on the above analysis, I divided ecological safety into three categories. The first is natural ecological safety. Natural ecological safety issues are caused by astronomical, meteorological and geological factors such as volcano eruptions, earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, extreme weather events, meteorites impacts, etc. The second is ecological-system safety, which includes forest system safety, marine system safety, wetland system safety and microbiological ecological-safety. The third is human ecological safety (or national ecological safety). National ecological safety is divided into 8 categories: 1. Nonconventional Safety; 2. Environmental Safety, which is also called Environmental Protection; 3. Species Safety; 4. Life Safety; 5. Urban Safety; 6. Nuclear and Radiation Safety; 7.Natural Heritage Safety; 8.Resource Safety and Sustainable Development. From the above analysis, it can be seen that ecology is a broad concept covering many disciplines and departments. Ecological construction must be in accordance with the following four relationships. The first is the relation between ecological civilization and ecological safety. Ecological civilization is the guideline in the ideological field and ecological safety is the concrete measures and basic protection for the realization of ecological civilization and the scientific development outlook. The second is the relation between ecological safety and environmental protection. We often mention the “ecological environment”, in which “ecological” stands for living organisms and “environment” denotes the habitat of living things. Although they are different concepts, they are complementary to each other and neither one can exist alone. The third is the relation between environmental protection and economic development. In the past, people believed that economic development would inevitably damage the ecological environment and  environmental protection would affect economic development. This is a misconception. The fourth is that ecological construction should be performed in light of local conditions and should not prioritize people to realize the harmony between humans and nature. The idea of ecological safety was first mentioned by the Chinese sage Laozi. He stressed the “harmony between humans and nature and the laws of nature”, which means the harmony between man and nature should be realized. People need to protect and respect nature. If we don’t understand nature, we don’t understand life. Man’s fate depends on the times and the times depends on nature. Although we cannot change the law of nature, we can choose a form of scientific development that is harmonious with nature to achieve the balanced development of economy, ecology and society. 

International Ecological Safety Collaborative Organization WORLD ECOLOGICAL SAFETY ASSEMBLY INTERNATIONAL ECOLOGY
AND SAFETY 
www.iesco-iesco.org www.iesco-wesa.org www.iesco-iesm.org



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